Mumps | Symptoms Causes Diagnosis & Treatment


Overview: Mumps

The mumps is a virulent infection of the salivary glands, which are located near your ears. Mumps can lead to swelling in either or both these glands.

Mumps was commonplace throughout the United States until mumps vaccination was made commonplace. Since then, the number of cases has drastically decreased.

But mumps outbreaks continue to occur across some areas of the United States, and the amount of cases has risen in the past few years. The majority of these outbreaks affect those who haven’t been vaccinated. They also can be found in close contact settings like colleges and schools. campuses.

Mumps-related complications like hearing loss can be severe, but they are not common. There is no treatment specific to Mumps.

Signs and symptoms


Certain people who are infected by the mumps virus exhibit absence of symptoms or signs or have very minimal symptoms. If symptoms and signs occur, they typically occur between two and 3 weeks following exposure.

The main indication of mumps is swelling salivary glands, which cause the cheeks to puff up. Other signs and symptoms could include:

  • The swollen salivary glands that are located on one or both sides of your face
  • The pain that occurs when swallowing or chewing
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscles hurt
  • Insomnia and fatigue
  • Appetite loss

When should you see a doctor?

Consult your physician if you or your child is showing symptoms or signs of the mumps. Mumps is extremely contagious and can last for up to nine days after symptoms begin to manifest. Make sure to inform your doctor prior to when you visit that you are concerned about mumps, to make arrangements to ensure that you don’t spread the virus to other people within the waiting room.

In the meantime:

  • Relax as long as is possible
  • It is recommended to treat the pain with cold compresses or over-the-counter painkillers such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB other) and Acetaminophen (Tylenol and others)

The disease has become more common and it’s possible an additional condition is responsible for your symptoms and signs. The swelling of the salivary glands as well as fever may suggest:

  • A salivary gland that is blocked
  • A different type of viral infection.

The Reasons

The virus that causes mumps spreads easily from one person to another by injecting saliva. In the event that you aren’t immune to the virus, you may contract mumps drinking saliva droplets of an infected person who just coughed or sneezed. Mumps can also be contracted by sharing cups or utensils with someone who is suffering from Mumps.


Mumps-related complications are not common, However, there are some that could be dangerous.

The majority of mumps-related complications cause swelling and inflammation within a specific part of the body like:

  • Testicles. This condition, also known as orchitis which causes one or both testicles to increase in size for males who have reached puberty. Orchitis can be painful, however, it’s rare to cause the inability to have children (sterility).
  • Brain. Mumps and other viral infections can trigger irritation of the brain (encephalitis). Encephalitis can lead to neurological issues and can be life-threatening.
  • The membranes and fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord. This disease, commonly referred to as meningitis when the mumps virus is spread throughout your bloodstream, causing it to infect the central nervous system.
  • Pancreas. The symptoms and signs of this disorder, also called pancreatitis, are abdominal pain nausea, and vomiting.

The other complications that can be caused by mumps comprise:

  • Hearing loss. You may experience hearing loss in one ear or in both. While is not common, hearing loss can be permanent.
  • Heart-related problems. Sometimes, mumps is linked to irregular heartbeats and conditions of the heart muscle.
  • Miscarriage. Infection with mumps during pregnancy particularly early in your pregnancy could result in miscarriage.


The best method to stop Mumps is to get vaccinated against the illness. The majority of people are immune to mumps when they’re immunized.

The mumps vaccine is usually given as a combined measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) inoculation, which contains the safest and most effective form of each vaccine. The two doses of the MMR vaccine are suggested prior to the time the child starts school. The vaccines must be administered at the time that the child is:

  • Between the ages 12 to 15 months
  • Between 4 to 6 years old

Students at colleges, international travelers, and health professionals especially are encouraged to ensure they’ve received two doses of MMR vaccine. One dose isn’t 100% effective in preventing the spread of mumps.

Third doses of the vaccine aren’t usually recommended. However, your physician may recommend an additional dose if you reside in an area that experiences an epidemic. A recent study of an MMR outbreak on a university campus revealed that those who had a third dose of MMR vaccination had less chance of contracting the disease.

People who don’t require the MMR vaccine

You do not need to get a vaccine in the event that:

  • Received two doses of MMR vaccine within the age of 12 years.
  • A single dose of MMR within 12 months of age, and you’re a pre-schooler or an adult who’s not at risk of measles, mumps, or measles exposure
  • Do you have blood tests to prove that you’re immune to measles-rubella, and mumps
  • Born before 1957the majority of people in that age bracket were probably to be naturally infected and are immune

It’s also not advised for:

  • Patients who have experienced an allergy that is life-threatening the antibiotic neomycin, or another component in the MMR vaccine
  • Pregnant women and women who are planning to become pregnant in this four-week period.
  • People with impaired immune systems

People who need to get the MMR vaccine

It is recommended that you get vaccinated even in the event that you do not meet the above criteria and also if you

  • Are you a woman who is not pregnant and who is of childbearing age
  • In the college or other postsecondary school
  • Work in a medical facility or child care center. school
  • Consider traveling overseas, or take a cruise

People who shouldn’t delay getting the MMR vaccine

Think about waiting if:

  • You’re either severely or moderately sick. Wait until you recover.
  • You’re pregnant. You should wait until the birth.

Patients who should consult their physicians

Speak to your doctor prior to getting vaccinated against mumps If you are:

  • Have you been diagnosed with cancer?
  • Have a blood condition
  • Have a health condition that impacts the immune system of your body, like HIV/AIDS
  • Are you receiving treatment with drugs like steroids that can affect your immune system?
  • You have received another vaccine in the last four weeks

The vaccine can cause side effects.

It is believed that the MMR vaccine is extremely secure and efficient. Receiving the MMR vaccine is more secure than having Mumps.

The majority of people do not experience any side consequences from the vaccine. Some individuals experience mild rash, fever, or joint pain for a brief time.

Very rarely, children who receive the MMR vaccine could have a seizure due to fever. But, the seizures haven’t been linked to many serious health issues.

Numerous reports — including those by the American Academy of Pediatrics, the Institute of Medicine, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention conclude there’s no correlation between the MMR vaccine and autism.


If your child or you is showing signs or symptoms of mumps your doctor may:

  • Find out if the child or you have been vaccinated against mumps, and whether you’ve been exposed to the virus.
  • A blood test is recommended to determine if there is evidence of the Mumps virus.


It is caused when a person gets sick by the virus therefore antibiotics won’t work. However, the majority of children and adults recover from an easy outbreak of mumps in several weeks.

People who have mumps are usually no longer infected and can be back at school or work five days after the onset of symptoms and signs.

Lifestyle and home solutions for home and lifestyle

It’s best to rest. The doctor isn’t able to help speed recovery.

However, you can take steps to alleviate discomfort and pain, as well as prevent others from contracting the disease. Make sure to:

  • Separate yourself from your child or yourself to avoid spreading the illness to other people. A person suffering from mumps could be contagious for as long as 5 days following the onset of symptoms and symptoms.
  • Utilize over-the-counter pain relievers like Acetaminophen (Tylenol and others) or an anti-inflammatory medication that is nonsteroidal like ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, and others) to reduce symptoms.
  • Make use of a cold or warm compress for easing the discomfort of glands that have swollen.
  • Wear an athletic supporter and apply chilled compresses that ease the pain of the testicles that are tender.
  • Avoid food items that require a lot of chewing. Consider soups that are broth-based or soft food items, like oatmeal or mashed potatoes.
  • Avoid eating sour food, like citrus fruits and juices, as they can stimulate saliva production.
  • Get plenty of fluids.

If your child is suffering from Mumps, lookout for signs of complications. Consult your physician in the event that your child is exhibiting any of the following symptoms:

  • Fever that is more than 103 F (39 C) or more
  • The trouble with eating or drinking
  • Confusing or disorienting
  • Abdominal pain
  • For boys, it is pain or swelling, of the testicles

You are preparing for your appointment

What can you do

  • Note down any of the symptoms your child or you has experienced, as well as the length of time.
  • Be aware of whether or not your child has been exposed to someone who has symptoms and signs of mumps during the last few weeks.
  • Write down the medications, vitamins, or supplements you or your child consumes.
  • Note down important medical details as well as any other medical conditions you have diagnosed.
  • Note important personal details as well as any recent stressors or changes within your own life.
  • Note down the questions you would like you’d like to inquire about with your doctor.

Questions you can ask your doctor

  • What is the most likely cause of these symptoms and signs?
  • What treatment method would you recommend?
  • When should symptoms begin to improve?
  • Are there ways to treat yourself at home or in self-care that can help alleviate symptoms?
  • Are I or my child a carrier? How many days?
  • What are the steps we can take to lower the risk of spreading the virus to other people?

Alongside the questions you’ve prepared for your physician, don’t be afraid to inquire during your appointment.

What can you expect from your doctor?

Your doctor will likely be able to ask you any concerns, which include:

  • What are the signs and symptoms you observed? What was the first time you noticed these signs and symptoms? Did they get worse over time?
  • Do you experience abdominal pain, or for males, pain in the testicle?
  • Have you known anyone who experienced symptoms and signs similar to mumps in the past couple of weeks?
  • Do you have your children and yourself up-to-date on vaccinations?
  • Do you know if your kid or yourself are being treated for any medical condition or were you recently taken care of for other health issues?
  • What are the medications the child or you take, such as prescription and non-prescription drugs along with supplements and vitamins?
  • Are your kids attending school or in daycare?
  • Are you nursing or pregnant?


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