Iron Deficiency Anemia | Symptoms Causes and more

Iron Deficiency Anemia


Anemia due to iron deficiency is a very common form of anemia – an illness in which blood is deficient in quality red blood cells. Red blood cells supply oxygen to the tissues of the body.

The name suggests the condition is caused by a lack of iron. If you don’t have sufficient iron levels, the body is unable to make enough of a substance found in red blood cells that allows them to transport oxygen (hemoglobin). In the end, iron deficiency anemia can leave you exhausted and sluggish.

It is usually possible to correct anemia caused by iron deficiency with supplementation. Sometimes, further screening or therapies for iron deficiency are required, particularly when your doctor suspects there is internal bleeding.


In the beginning, iron deficiency anemia is so insignificant that it’s not even noticed. However, as the body becomes less iron-deficient and anemia increases the symptoms and signs become more prominent.

The signs and symptoms could include:

  • Extreme fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Pale skin
  • Heartbeat speed, chest pain, or shortness of breath
  • Lightheadedness, dizziness, or headache
  • Cold feet and hands
  • The tongue can be irritated or swollen. tongue
  • Nails that are brittle
  • Unusual cravings for substances that are not nutritious, like dirt, ice or starch
  • A lack of appetite, particularly in infants and children suffering from iron deficiency anemia

When is the best time to see a doctor?

Should you notice that your child or you exhibits signs and symptoms that indicate anemia due to iron deficiency, you should consult your physician. Anemia caused by iron deficiency is not something you can diagnose or treat yourself. Therefore, consult your physician for a diagnosis, rather than supplementing with iron by yourself. Injecting too much iron into your body is risky since excessive iron levels can harm your liver, and lead to other issues.


Anemia caused by iron deficiency occurs in the body when it doesn’t have enough iron to create hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the component made up of the red blood cell which give blood its red hue and allows the hemoglobin in red cells transport oxygenated blood throughout the body.

If you’re not consuming enough iron, or you’re losing excessive amounts of iron, your body won’t make enough hemoglobin as iron deficiency is likely to eventually appear.

The causes of iron deficiency anemia are:

  • Blood loss. Red blood cells. Therefore, if you stop bleeding it is possible to lose iron. Women who have heavy menstrual cycles are more susceptible to iron deficiency anemia due to the loss of menstrual blood. The slow, continuous loss of blood in your body — like from a peptic oesophagitis, hiatal hernias, colon polyp, or colorectal cancer — could cause anemia due to iron deficiency. The causes of bleeding in the stomach are the frequent use of certain over-the-counter pain relievers, particularly aspirin.
  • Insufficient iron content within your daily diet. The body gets iron through the foods that you consume. If you consume insufficient iron, in time, your body could be iron deficient. Foods that contain iron are eggs, meat as well as leafy green veggies, and iron-fortified food items. To be able to grow and develop properly infants and young children require iron from their diets as well.
  • Inability to absorb iron. Iron that is consumed from food is absorbed into bloodstreams in the small intestine. An intestinal condition like celiac disease, that affects the capacity of your intestine absorb the nutrients in digested foods could lead to anemia due to iron deficiency. If a portion of your small intestine was removed or bypassed surgically, it could affect your capacity to absorb iron and other nutrients.
  • Pregnancy. In the absence of iron supplementation, iron deficiency anemia can occur in pregnant women due to the fact that the iron stores must provide their own blood volume and also being a source of hemoglobin to feed the expanding foetus.

Risk factors

This group of people may have a higher chance of developing anemia due to iron deficiency

  • Women. Since women lose the blood of menstrual cycle and menstrual cycles, women are more prone to anemia due to iron deficiency.
  • Children and infants. Children, especially those with in poor weight at birth or were born prematurely, and who do not receive enough iron from formula or breast milk may be at risk of developing iron deficiency. Children need extra iron during growth spurts. If your child’s diet isn’t well and eating a varied, healthy diet, they could be at risk of anemia.
  • Vegetarians. People who do not eat meat might be at greater chance of developing iron-deficiency anemia when they do not consume other iron-rich food items.
  • Numerous blood donors. People who regularly give blood could be at an increased chance of suffering from iron deficiency anemia as blood donation may reduce the iron stores. The low hemoglobin levels associated with blood donation could be temporary and can be treated by eating foods that are iron-rich. If you’re told that it’s not possible to aren’t able to donate blood due to hemoglobin deficiency, consult your physician to determine if there is a reason to be concerned.


The mild form of iron deficiency usually isn’t a cause of concern. If it is not treated the iron deficiency condition can be severe and cause health problems, which include the following:

  • Heart issues. Anemia caused by iron deficiency could result in a fast or irregular rhythm of the heart. The heart needs to pump more blood in order to compensate for the low level of oxygen through your bloodstream during anemia. This could lead to an overly enlarged heart or failure.
  • Problems during pregnancy. Pregnant women with severe iron deficiency has been connected to premature births as well as infants with low birth weight. However, the condition can be prevented when pregnant women receive iron supplements in their prenatal health care.
  • Problems with growth. Children and infants are particularly susceptible to growth issues. an iron deficiency that is severe can cause anemia and slow growth and growth. In addition, anemia due to iron deficiency is linked to an increased risk of contracting infections.


Reduce the risk of developing anemia due to iron deficiency by eating foods that are iron-rich.

Choose iron-rich foods

Iron-rich foods comprise:

  • Pork, red meat, and even poultry
  • Seafood
  • Beans
  • Leafy dark green vegetables like spinach
  • Dry fruits, like raisins and Apricots
  • Cereals, breads, and pastas
  • Peas

The body is able to absorb more iron through meat than other sources. If you do not take meat for a while, you may require a higher intake of iron-rich plant diets to take in the same quantity iron as people who eat meat.

Consume foods that are rich in vitamin C to boost the absorption of iron

You can boost the absorption of iron by your body through drinking citrus juice or eating other food items rich in vitamin C, in the same way, eating foods high in iron. Vitamin C found in citrus juices like orange juice, assists your body to absorb more iron in your diet.

Vitamin C can be found in:

  • Broccoli
  • Grapefruit
  • Kiwi
  • Leafy greens
  • Melons
  • Oranges
  • Peppers
  • Strawberries
  • Tangerines
  • Tomatoes

The prevention of iron deficiency anemia in infants

To reduce the risk of the development of iron deficiency anemia in infants, provide your child with breast milk or formula that is iron-fortified during one year. Cow’s milk is not a great source of iron for infants and shouldn’t be recommended for babies younger than one year. After 6 months, you can begin feeding your child iron-fortified foods or meats twice a daily to increase the iron intake. Once your baby is one year old, make certain that your child doesn’t consume more than 20 pounds (591 milliliters) of milk daily. The excessive consumption of milk usually takes place to other food items which include those high in iron.


To determine if you have iron deficiency anemia Your doctor might test for:

  • Size and color. In the case of iron deficiency anemia, the red blood cells appear smaller and less in color than they are normal.
  • Hematocrit. It is the percentage that your total blood volume that is made of Red blood cells. The normal range is within 35.5 to 44.9 percent for women who are adults as well as 38.3 up to 48.6 percent for males who are adults. The values can change based on your age.
  • Hemoglobin. Lower than usual hemoglobin levels suggest anemia. The normal range of hemoglobin is typically described to be 13.2 or 16.6 grams (g) of hemoglobin per deciliter (dL) of blood for men , and 11.6 -15. grams/dL for women.
  • Ferritin. This protein helps to store iron in your body and a low concentration of ferritin typically indicates an insufficient amount of stored iron.

Diagnostic tests for additional diagnostics

If your bloodwork suggests anemia due to iron deficiency The doctor could order additional tests to determine the underlying cause, like:

  • Endoscopy. Doctors usually look for bleeding caused by hiatal hernias, an ulcer, or stomach through endoscopy. This procedure involves a small, light-filled tube with a video camera is inserted into your throat until it reaches your stomach. This allows your doctor to look through the tube that connects your mouth and into the stomach (esophagus) and then your stomach in order to find the sources of bleeding.
  • Colonoscopy. To identify sources of lower intestinal bleeding the doctor may suggest an operation called colonoscopy. A thin, flexible tube with a camera camera is placed into the rectum and then guided to the colon. It is common to be sedated during this procedure. A colonoscopy lets the doctor to examine the majority or even all of your rectum and colon to determine if there is internal bleeding.
  • Ultrasound. Women might also get an ultrasound of the pelvis to search for the reason behind excessive menstrual bleeding, for instance fibroids in the uterus.

The doctor could request these tests or other tests following the trial phase of treatment using iron supplements.


To treat anemia caused by iron deficiency Your doctor might suggest taking iron supplements. The doctor may also address the root that causes your iron deficiencies should it be it is necessary.

Iron supplements

The doctor might suggest over-the-counter iron pills to replenish iron stores within your body. Your doctor will inform you of the right dosage for your needs. It is available as a liquid for children and infants. To increase the chance that your body absorbs the iron contained in tablets, you might be advised to:

  • Iron tablets should be taken on an empty stomach. If you can you can consume your iron tablets once you are empty stomach. But, since iron tablets can cause upset to the stomach of a person, they might have to take iron tablets before meals.
  • Do not take iron alone in conjunction with anti-inflammatory medications. Medicines that alleviate heartburn symptoms may affect iron absorption. Iron is taken two hours prior to or 4 hours after taking an antacid.
  • Use iron tablets that contain Vitamin C. Vitamin C improves the absorption of iron. Your doctor may recommend drinking your iron tablets with the juice of an orange or by taking an vitamin C supplement.

Supplements with iron can trigger constipation which is why your doctor might suggest the use of a stool softener. Iron can cause your stool to turn black and is a normal adverse result.

The iron deficiency cannot be fixed in a single day. It may be necessary to supplement your iron intake for a period of time or more to replenish your iron reserves. Typically, you’ll begin feeling better within a week or two of treatment. Consult your physician when you should get your blood tested again to check the iron levels. To ensure that the iron reserves in your body are replenished, it is possible that you require iron supplements for up to a year.

Treatment of the root cause of the iron deficiency

If iron supplements do not raise your blood iron levels and you’re not experiencing anemia, it’s probable that it is caused by a cause in bleeding. It could also be an iron absorption issue that your doctor is required to look into and cure. Based on the reason the treatment for iron deficiency anemia could include:

  • Medicines, like oral contraceptives, to ease the heavy flow of menstrual blood
  • Antibiotics, as well as other medications, are used to treat the symptoms of peptic ulcers
  • Surgery to get rid of bleeding polyps, a tumor, or a fibroid

If your iron deficiency anemia can be severe enough, you could require iron intravenously or blood transfusions to replenish hemoglobin and iron quickly.

Making preparations for your appointment

Consult your doctor if there are any symptoms or signs that are troubling you. If you’ve been diagnosed with anemia caused by iron deficiency You may require tests to identify sources of loss of blood, such as tests to assess your gastrointestinal tract.

Here’s some tips to help you prepare for your appointment and what you can expect from your physician.

What you can do

  • Note down the symptoms you’re experiencing, even if they appear not related to the reason for that appointment.
  • Record important personal details and any significant stresses or recent changes in your life.
  • Write down the medications, vitamins, as well as supplements.
  • Note down any questions you want you’d like to consult your physician.

The time you spend with your physician is short and having a list of questions can help you maximize your time with them. For patients suffering from iron deficiency anemia the most common questions you should ask your doctor are:

  • What is the most likely reason for my symptoms?
  • Are there any other possibilities for the cause of my symptoms?
  • Do you think my illness is likely to be to last or is it only temporary?
  • What are your recommendations for treatment?
  • Are there alternative approaches to the main approach you’re suggesting?
  • I also have a health issue. What can I do to deal with these two conditions?
  • Are there any diet restrictions I must adhere to?
  • Are there brochures, or other printed material I could bring along? What websites do you recommend?

Alongside the questions you’ve planned for your physician, don’t be afraid to inquire during your appointment.

What should you be expecting from your doctor?

Your doctor will likely have a few questions. It is important to be prepared to answer these questions. will allow you time to review the areas you’d like to spend longer on. Your doctor may ask:

  • When did you begin experiencing symptoms?
  • What are the severity of your symptoms?
  • Does anything appear to ease your symptoms?
  • What do you think is likely to aggravate your symptoms?
  • Have you noticed any unusual bleeding? For example, excessive bleeding during periods or hemorrhoids bleeding, or nosebleeds?
  • Are you a vegetarian?
  • Have you recently given to more than one time?

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