Heart and Stroke | Symptoms, Causes, Risk factor, Treatment, Prevention

heart and stroke

Symptoms of heart attack and stroke can occur suddenly. Although the symptoms of both events may be similar, they have different symptoms.

A stroke can be characterized by a severe headache that is sudden and intense. A stroke can sometimes be called a “brain attack” or a “brain injury.” Heart attacks, however, are often accompanied by chest pain.

It is important to recognize the symptoms of a stroke or heart attack so that you can get the right type of treatment.

Signs of Heart and Stroke

These are the symptoms of stroke or heart attack.

  • The severity of the episode
  • Your age
  • your gender
  • Your overall health

These symptoms can appear quickly and often without warning.

What are the causes of Heart and Stroke?

Blocked arteries can cause strokes or heart attacks.

Stroke causes

An ischemic stroke is the most common type.

  • Blood clots in the brain’s arteries can cause severe disruption to brain circulation. This could lead to a stroke.
  • The blood from the carotid veins to the brain is carried by the carotid arterial arteries. The same thing can happen if plaque builds up in the carotid vessels.

A hemorrhagic stroke is the other type of stroke. This happens when blood leaks from the surrounding tissue into the blood vessels in the brain. A hemorrhagic stroke can be caused by high blood pressure.

Causes of heart attack

A coronary attack is a condition in which a blocked or narrowed coronary artery causes blood flow to stop or be severely restricted. A coronary artery supplies blood to the heart muscle.

A blood clot can block a coronary artery, causing blood to stop flowing. It can also occur if there is too much cholesterol plaque in the artery.

What are the risks?

Many risk factors for heart attack and stroke are the same. These are:

  • smoking
  • High cholesterol
  • High blood pressure
  • Age
  • Family history

Your blood vessels’ walls are stressed by high blood pressure. This makes blood vessels more rigid and less likely to expand when needed to maintain healthy circulation. Your risk of a stroke or heart attack can be increased by poor circulation.

You are at higher risk of stroke if you have atrial fibrillation. Your heart beats irregularly during AF. This can lead to blood clots in your heart. The clot can travel to your brain as an embolus and cause an ischemic stroke if it breaks free.

What are the best way to diagnose a heart attack and stroke?

Your doctor will ask you for a brief summary of your stroke symptoms and your medical history. A CT scan of your brain is likely. The CT scan can reveal bleeding and other areas that could have been affected by poor blood circulation. An MRI may also be ordered by your doctor.

To diagnose a heart attack, a different set of tests will be performed. Your medical history and symptoms will be important to your doctor. The doctor will then use an electrocardiogram in order to assess the health of your heart muscle.

To check for any enzymes that could indicate a heart attack, a blood test may also be performed. Cardiac catheterization may also be performed by your doctor. To check for blockages, a flexible tube is inserted through a blood vessel and into the heart.

What are the treatment options for heart attack and stroke?

Heart attack

Sometimes, it is necessary to treat the blockage that causes a heart attack with more than medication and lifestyle modifications. These cases may call for coronary bypass grafting or angioplasty with the use of a stent.

A CABG (also known as bypass surgery) is when your doctor attaches a blood vessel from another area of your body to an artery blocked. This will reroute blood flow around the blockage.

Angioplasty uses a catheter that has a small balloon at the tip. The doctor will insert a catheter into the blood vessel to inflate the balloon at the location of the blockage. To allow for better blood flow, the balloon presses against the plaque walls. They will often leave a small wire mesh tube (called a stent) in place to keep the artery open.

You should be involved in cardiac rehabilitation after a heart attack. Cardiac rehabilitation can last several weeks. It includes exercise monitoring and education about diet and lifestyle to improve your heart health.

You’ll need to keep exercising and eating a healthy diet, while also avoiding smoking, alcohol, and stress.


Following treatment for stroke, it is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Your doctor might prescribe a medication called tissue plasminogen activators to help break down a clot if you have an ischemic stroke. You can also have a tiny device used to remove clots from blood vessels.

A hemorrhagic stroke may require surgery to fix the blood vessel. In some cases, your doctor may use a clip to fix the ruptured part of the blood vessel.

What’s the outlook?

The severity of your stroke or heart attack and the speed at which you receive treatment will have an impact on how you feel.

A stroke can cause damage to the brain that makes it difficult for some people to walk or talk. Some people lose their brain function and it may never return. Many people who are treated quickly after symptoms begin may experience a complete recovery.

If you complete the following, you can resume most of your previous activities after a heart attack.

  • Follow the instructions of your doctor
  • Participate in cardiac rehabilitation
  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle

How heart-healthy you are will impact your life expectancy. It is important to be serious about your rehabilitation after a stroke or heart attack. The payoff is a better quality of your life, no matter how difficult it might be.

Prevention of stroke and heart attack

You can reduce your chance of suffering a heart attack by using many of the same strategies you use to prevent strokes. These strategies include:

  • Get your cholesterol and blood pressure in a healthy range
  • Not to smoke
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • limiting your alcohol intake
  • keeping your blood sugar under control
  • You should exercise most days, if not all of the week
  • A diet low in added sugars, saturated fats, and sodium is a good choice.

Certain risk factors like age and family history cannot be controlled. However, you can live a healthy lifestyle which may reduce your chances of suffering a stroke or heart attack.

The Best Proteins For Your Heart

Are proteins good for your heart? Experts agree. It pays to be selective when choosing the best sources of protein for your diet. It is also important to consume the right amount of protein. The American Heart Association reports, for example, that Americans consume more protein from high-saturated fat meats than they need.

Saturated fat intake can increase low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) levels and can cause heart disease. According to the Harvard School of Public Health, processed meats are linked to cardiovascular disease in part because of their high sodium content.

Picking Your Proteins

Numerous studies have shown that replacing high-fat meats and dairy products with heart-healthy protein like beans, fish, chicken, nuts, and low-fat dairy could help to prevent heart disease. These nutrients can lower cholesterol and blood pressure, and help maintain a healthy weight. These proteins can lower your risk of stroke and heart attack, according to the Cleveland Clinic reports.

Recent research in the journal Circulation has shown that red meat consumption increases your risk of developing coronary heart disease. Alternate protein sources can help reduce this risk. A significantly lower risk was found when you eat more nuts and fish. A single serving of nuts per day was associated with a 30% lower risk of developing heart disease than consuming one serving of red meat per day. A daily intake of fish was associated with a 24% lower risk. Low-fat dairy products such as poultry and low-fat dairy were also associated with lower risks, at 19% and 13%, respectively.

What types of heart-healthy protein should you consume and how much?


To prevent heart disease, fish is a good choice. Each week, you should consume one to three 6-ounce fillets or one 3-ounce can each of fish. These are some of the most healthy fish that will lower your risk of developing heart disease.


You’ll get the lean protein from wild tuna, fresh tuna, canned in water or canned in water. But, omega-3 fatty acid benefits are also available. Studies have shown that omega-3 fatty acids can reduce your risk of developing several types of cardiovascular disease. Tuna also contains vitamin B-12, D, niacin, and selenium. You can get canned or pouched albacore tuna with a slightly higher mercury content, so you might consider “chunky” tuna.


It doesn’t matter if the salmon you choose to eat is fresh or canned, it’s good for your heart. Salmon, like tuna, contains omega-3s as well as potassium, selenium, and vitamins B-6 and B-12. Wild salmon is a better choice than farm-raised salmon. Broil salmon for 10 minutes per inch for a healthy preparation.

According to the Harvard School of Public Health, a 6-ounce porterhouse steak broiled in a medium-rare method provides 40 grams of protein. However, it contains 38 grams of fat (14 of which are saturated). Salmon has 34 grams of protein and only 18g of fat. Only 4 of these are saturated.

Nuts, legumes

Some studies show that nuts are the best source of protein for your heart. There are many options, including almonds and cashews as well as pecans and peanuts.

Another option is legumes like beans, peas, and lentils. They are lower in cholesterol than meat and have significantly less fat. According to the Harvard School of Public Health, a cup of cooked lentils contains 18 grams of protein and less than 1g of fat.

Natural peanut butter and other nut butter, in addition to beans and nuts, are good choices for your heart. Each week, eat between 2 and 4 tablespoons of unsweetened natural nut butter.


According to the Mayo Clinic, poultry such as turkey or chicken is a good source of low-fat protein. A 19% lower chance of developing cardiovascular disease from one serving of poultry per day than one serving of red meat.

Choose options with lower fat. Choose skinless chicken breasts instead of fried chicken patties. When you prepare poultry dishes, trim away any visible fats and remove the skin.

Low-Fat Dairy

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend choosing lower-fat versions for the following high-fat foods:

  • milk
  • Cheese
  • yogurt
  • Sour cream

Even though eggs are technically not dairy products, the CDC recommends egg whites and pasteurized egg whites instead of whole eggs. However, research shows that 70% of people have no or minimal change in cholesterol due to whole egg consumption. The same study shows that 30 percent of people who eat whole eggs are “hyperresponders”. They may experience an increase in LDL (called pattern A), but they are less likely to cause heart disease than pattern B LDL.

How much protein?

How can you decide how much of this heart-healthy protein should you eat? Protein should make up between 10 and 30 percent of your daily calories. Here is the recommended daily intake of grams of protein:

  • Women (ages 19-70+): 46g
  • Men (aged 19-70+): 56g

A cup of milk contains 8 grams of protein. 6 ounces salmon has 34 grams and 16 grams, respectively. This is about the amount of protein an adult male needs for an entire day. Your protein requirements should be considered in the context of a healthy eating plan. This will help you to improve your heart health.


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