Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease that is caused by the virus SARS-CoV-2.
“The majority of people who contract the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) will suffer from minor to moderate respiratory symptoms and will recover without needing special treatment.”
However, some individuals will be severely ill and require medical care. People who are older and have chronic medical conditions such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer, are at a higher risk to suffer serious diseases. Anyone can contract Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and fall severely ill or even die at any time.
The best way to stop and reduce the risk of transmission is to stay educated about the disease and the way it is spread. Make sure, you and others are protected from the virus by keeping yourself at least a meter from other people and wearing a well-fitting mask while washing and sanitizing your hand with an alcohol-based rub often. Make sure you are vaccinated on your turn and follow your local guidelines.
The virus can be spread through the mouth or nose via tiny droplets of liquid when they cough or sneeze sing, or talk. The particles can range from larger aerosols to smaller ones. It is crucial to learn proper respiratory hygiene like exhaling through a flexed elbow and then to remain at home and remain self-isolated until you feel better if you are feeling unwell.
Preventions: Coronavirus disease
To stop the infection and stop the spread of Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) take the following steps:
- Make sure you are vaccinated whenever a vaccine is available.
- Keep at least a meters away from the other even if they don’t seem to be sick.
- Wear a well-fitting mask in situations where physical distancing isn’t feasible or in poorly ventilated areas.
- Pick open, well-ventilated areas instead of closed ones. You can open a window when indoors.
- Cleanse your hands frequently with soap and water, or wash your hands with an alcohol-based scrub.
- Protect your nose and mouth when you cough or sneeze.
- If you are feeling unwell Stay at home and isolate yourself until you feel better.
Coronavirus disease Symptoms
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) affects different people in different ways. The majority of people who contract the virus will experience mild to moderate symptoms and will recover without needing hospitalization.
Most commonly reported symptoms:
- The fever
- loss of smell or taste.
Common symptoms are:
- sore throat
- Pains and aches
- Rashes on the skin or discoloration of the fingers or toes
- Red or irritated eyes.
Signs of serious illness:
- trouble breathing or shortness of breath
- impairment of mobility or speech, or confusion
- chest pain.
Take immediate medical attention when you experience serious symptoms. Make sure to call prior to visiting your physician or health center.
Anyone with mild symptoms but that are otherwise healthy is advised to take care of their symptoms at home.
It typically takes between 5 and 6 days after an individual is diagnosed with the virus before symptoms begin to be evident, but it could be up to 14 days.
1- When was the first time COVID-19 was discovered?
The first confirmed cases of SARS-CoV-2 have been discovered within Wuhan, China. The initial source of viral transmission to humans is unclear and it is not clear if the virus developed into a pathogen prior to or following the spillover event.
2- Who are the most at the risk of developing severe illness due to Coronavirus disease (COVID-19)?
The elderly and those who are older, as well as those with health issues that are underlying, such as high blood pressure or lung and heart problems and obesity, diabetes, and cancer are a higher chance of contracting serious illnesses.
But, anyone can become sick with COVID-19, and eventually become very ill or even die at any time.
3- Are there any long-term effects from Coronavirus disease (COVID-19)?
A few people who have been diagnosed with COVID-19, irrespective of whether they required hospitalization or not, still experience symptoms like symptoms of fatigue, respiratory or neurological symptoms.
WHO collaborates in conjunction with the Global Technical Network for Clinical Management of Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) researchers and patient associations around all over the world to plan and conduct studies on patients who have a long-term course of illness to better understand the percentage of patients suffering from long-term effects, the length of time they last, and the reasons they develop. The results of these studies are used to create more guidelines for patient care.
4- How can you tell the difference between quarantine and isolation?
The two are ways to stop spreading COVID-19.
Quarantine is a procedure for those who are a direct person who has contact with someone suffering from the virus known as SARS-CoV-2 that is the cause of Coronavirus disease (COVID-19). It doesn’t matter if the person infected has signs or symptoms. Quarantine refers to the fact that you are isolated from other people because you’ve been infected. it is possible that you are infected. This may occur in a specified location or at your home. For Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), this is staying in the hospital and at home for over 14 days.
Isolation is a treatment option for those suffering from Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) symptoms, or who have been positive for Coronavirus disease (COVID-19). In isolation, you are isolated from others and ideally, in a medical location where you can receive clinical treatment. If being isolated in a medical center is not an option and you’re not part of an extreme risk group for suffering from a severe illness, then isolation may be done at home. If you are suffering from symptoms, you must be in isolation for a minimum of 10 days and an additional three days with no symptoms. If you’re infected and don’t show any symptoms, you must remain at a distance for 10 consecutive days following the time you have tested positive.