The term “chronic diseases” is used to describe conditions that last one year or more and need regular medical attention, or restrict lifestyle activities, or both. Heart disease, cancer, and diabetes are the most significant causes of disability and death within the United States. They are also the main drivers of the country’s $3.8 trillion annually in healthcare costs.
Many chronic diseases are caused by a brief list of risky behaviors:
- Smoking tobacco as well as exposure to smoke from secondhand sources.
- Diets that are poor in nutrition, such as those which are deficient in fruits and vegetables along with high levels of sodium as well as saturated fats.
- Physical inactivity is not enough.
- Excessive alcohol use.
Major Chronic Diseases
How to Stop Chronic Diseases?
Many chronic diseases are caused by risk behavior. By taking healthy decisions you can decrease the chance of developing an illness that is chronic and increase the quality of your life.
The act of stopping smoking (or just not beginning) reduces the chance of serious health issues including cancer, heart disease, Type 2 Diabetes, lung disease, and also premature death for smokers who have been smoking for a long time.
Dietary health can prevent delay, manage, and prevent heart disease Type 2 diabetes, heart disease, as well as other chronic diseases. A balanced diet that includes vegetables, fruits whole grains, whole grains, lean meats, and low-fat dairy products is vital regardless of the stage of life. If you’re overweight, losing up to 5% or 7 percent in body fat will help you avoid or delay the development of type 2 diabetes.
Engage in regular physical activity
Regular exercise can help prevent delay, manage, or prevent chronic diseases. Make sure you do moderate exercise (like strolling or gardening) for at least 150 minutes each week.
Beware of drinking too much Alcohol
In time, drinking too much can cause hypertension, numerous cancers and heart diseases stroke, liver disease. If you don’t drink too much you can lower the risk of developing these diseases.
Have your screening done
To stay away from chronic diseases or catch them before they become serious Visit your doctor frequently to get preventive treatments.
The Facts About Sleep
Sleep deprivation has been linked to growth and management issues of heart disease, diabetes, and obesity as well as depression. Adults must get at minimum 7 hours of sleep every day.
Learn about your family history
If you’re a member of a family with a background of chronic disease such as heart disease, cancer, and diabetes, or osteoporosis You may become more likely to get this disease. Discuss your family’s health history with your doctor. They will help you to take the necessary measures to avoid developing these conditions or catch them before they become serious.
Make healthy choices in the classroom, at work, and in the community
If you make healthy lifestyles a part of your everyday routine it is possible to prevent diseases like obesity or high blood pressure which increase your chances of developing commonly-serious chronic diseases. Find out more about the actions you and your family members can do.
Natural disasters, including flooding, hurricanes, tornados, and wildfires, can be stressful, especially if you have a chronic disease. Learn to plan ahead and decrease your chance of contracting serious illness in the event of a catastrophe.
How to stay healthy during an Emergency If You’ve…
Alzheimer’s Disease or Other Dementias
- Any change, even in routines, can be particularly stressful and stressful for those suffering from Alzheimer’s disease or other dementias.
- Be alert to signs of anxiety and agitation among people suffering from dementia. Be prepared with strategies to help them relax in times of stress.
- Alzheimer’s patients can wander off and may become lost. Do not leave the person suffering from dementia on their own when their routine or their environment is disturbed.
- Should you be able to locate a loved one in a facility for the elderly learn about the facility’s emergency plans and the rules for visitors at these times.
- If you are having difficulty getting around or moving you need to note this within your disaster plan
- Consider how you can be able to remain on the move during an emergency.
- Keep painkillers and other symptoms of arthritis in your pocket and prepare for any special requirements for medicines, like regular infusions or the cooling of medications like biologicals.
- Maintain any assistive devices that you use to move about where you can access them quickly.
- Avoid doing hard physical tasks such as cleanup of a disaster to avoid joint injuries that could exacerbate the symptoms of arthritis. Find out more about the ways that you could do in order to control arthritis.
- Include a brief outline of your cancer treatment plan inside your kit for disaster supplies. Include details about the kind of cancer you suffer from and the treatment you have received and the date you received it. Include the contact details of your doctor along with a list of all the doses and medications you are taking.
- If you’ve got a Cancer Survivorship Care Plan, place it in your emergency supply kit. Take it with you in the event that you have to move out of your home.
- If you’re receiving chemotherapy, look for symptoms of infection, like sweats and chills and a sore throat. Also, you may notice an open mouth nasal congestion, or vomiting. Contact a doctor immediately when you spot any indications or signs of an infection.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder (COPD)
- Consult your physician about creating the COPD Management Plan
- If you have them already put them in your emergency supply kit and take them with you when you leave your home.
- If you are receiving oxygen therapy, you should ask your physician what emergency shelters are available which offer the service. Also, ask how to be sure that you have the right equipment and other supplies in the event of and after a catastrophe.
- If you are forced to move out of your residence and head to shelters, be sure your staff members know that you suffer from COPD.
- Keep a minimum of 14 days worth of diabetes-related supplies in your disaster kit and think about having an additional emergency kit with glucagon.
- Make sure to keep your insulin, other supplies, and other equipment in your disaster kit. Insulin’s effectiveness diminishes when it is exposed to extreme temperatures, however, it is still able to be used for up to 28 days at room temperature, up to 86 degF.
- Make sure to check your feet daily for any cuts, redness or swelling, sores calluses, blisters, or any other changes to your nails or skin. Contact a doctor as quickly as you can if you notice any wound or injury.
- For people who suffer from epilepsy, seizures may be initiated by flashing light noises, sleep deprivation stress, and other triggers. If you are able, determine the triggers that cause your seizures.
- If you’re in shelters, be sure the staff is aware that you suffer from epilepsy.
- Discuss with your family members like your family or co-workers, neighbors, and your friends about what you should do in case you experience an epileptic seizure. Learn how they can assist you and what you should do in the event of an epileptic seizure.
- The stress of a catastrophe can cause blood pressure to rise. Check your blood pressure frequently particularly if you have excessive blood pressure. Find out more about monitoring and managing blood pressure.
- The stress of a catastrophe could trigger heart signs of heart disease. Be aware of the warning signs and symptoms of strokes and heart attacks.
- Smoke from wildfires and related air pollution can aggravate symptoms of heart disease like chest pain or heart attacks, difficulty breathing, strokes, or an irregular heartbeat. Air pollution can also make the symptoms of heart failure more serious. Consult a doctor in the event that anyone you are familiar with suffers from these symptoms.
- You should get enough rest to protect the health of your heart.
- Include details about the dialysis center near you in your emergency plans and disaster kit.
- Contact your dialysis facility for their disaster plans, and also where you will receive treatment in the event that the center is shut down during a catastrophe. Your local health center may be able to assist by arranging transportation to the dialysis facility or recommend a different one when the center you’re at is closed.
- Keep the food items that are part of the diet in your emergency supply kit. If you’re pregnant or have a child or infant who is dialysis-dependent consult your physician or dietitian about any changes to the diet.
- If there is an outage in power, if you have a dialysis at home machine, you might be able to perform manual exchanges until power is restored.